Open Flow and and Flow Patterns in Permaculture

Permaculture Designers Manual




Section 4.11 –

Open Flow and and Flow Patterns in Permaculture


Creatures that live in open flow conditions are specially shaped and adapted to surface or low-flow (high pressure) phenomena, and may erect or develop “chimneys·to draw fluids or gases through their burrows or bodies. Some life forms combine chimneys, spirals, and crenellations to affect an exchange between them and their fluid surrounds {Vogel, 1981).

All of these effects of flow are of great relevance to designers, engineers, and biologists and their effects can be increased, nullified or decreased by design.

Natural effects can be used in a variety of ways and the effects of orders may impose limits on design. Further data is given under Module 6: “Trees and Energy Transactions”.

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